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where to buy cheap hairNatacha Rodriguez, a machine operator, had been robbed at gunpoint three times in the past year. For months he had been going to bed hungry so that his 5-year-old brother could have something for dinner. He has purged dozens of powerful members of his inner circle, including his uncle, who “did serious harm to the youth movement in our country. His outdoor advertising company had come to a bitter end: Protesters tore down his billboards to use as barricades during violent rallies against authoritarian President Nicolas Maduro.

Kim Jong Un, who wasn’t even 30 years old when he came to power after his father’s 2011 death, now faces the challenge of his own generation, with a little over one-third of North Koreans believed to be under the age of 25. Roger Chirinos was leaving his wife and two young children behind to search for work in Ecuador.

There are rich people now in Pyongyang, chauffeured in Mercedes and Audis even as most citizens of the police state remain mired in poverty. Despite his youth and his schooling in Switzerland, Kim understands the tools that his father and grandfather used. She was headed for Chile, too, hoping to give her baseball-loving son a better life.

Most young people have grown up with at least some access to smuggled DVDs or flash drives, whether Chinese TV shows (normally OK with the government), American movies (highly suspicious, though Schwarzenegger shoot-em-ups are said to be in high demand) or a buffet of digitized South Korean entertainment choices (by far the most popular, and by far the most dangerous.

On sidewalks where everyone once dressed in drab Maoist conformity, there are young women in not-quite miniskirts and teenage boys with baseball caps cocked sideways, K-pop style. The bolivar has lost a mind-boggling 98 percent against the U. )

The bus passengers immediately bought Colombian pesos in crowded exchange houses where wads of near-worthless Venezuelan bills flew out of money-counting machines.

A 19-year-old university student with a confident handshake and carefully styled hair, Ryu lives in a city that today feels awash in change. dollar in the last year, meaning $100 worth of local currency a year ago is worth just $2 now. She knew she had to act. But fear has a long history in North Korea, where at least 80,000 people are believed to be held in an archipelago of political prison camps, some for simply being related to someone suspected of disloyalty.

Fear added to Rodriguez’s hopelessness: Her story of three robberies at gunpoint is a familiar one in a country awash with drugs and gangs. She and the rest of the group eventually were admitted into Chile. Arriving at the same border crossing just a few days after Rodriguez, he was refused entry by Chilean police.

Alonzo, the Chile-bound web developer, was not so lucky. There’s a supermarket selling imported apples and disposable diapers. Poorer by the day, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans have concluded that escape is their only option. Passengers glumly texted family members or stared out the window as the packed vehicle rolled by mango trees, shuttered factories and crumbling murals of the late President Hugo Chavez.

And with inflation fast outrunning her paycheck, the already petite woman had lost 13 pounds as she cut fruit and soft drinks from her diet so that David would not go hungry. Beaming, they hugged quickly before yet another bus journey, to Santiago – nearly 1,300 miles to the south.

When in the early evening the bus pulled into Guayaquil, the last stop on the Rutas de America line, little Josmer Rivas flew into the arms of his overjoyed father, who had emigrated to Ecuador four months earlier. Rodriguez herself, meanwhile, gets frequent news about Venezuela from her mother and siblings. He had tarried a few days in Peru to spend time with a cousin.

The week before, hundreds of Venezuelans had been stranded there for several days after indigenous Colombian protesters blocked the highway to demand better living conditions from the government. ”

On board the bus, web developer Tony Alonzo had sold his childhood guitar to help pay for his ticket to Chile.

Maduro has just announced he is running for re-election in May. Larrea’s terminal sees dozens queue up daily to purchase tickets. With the opposition’s two main leaders barred from holding office, the unpopular president looks likely to clinch a six-year term. Daily withdrawal limits on debit cards no longer keep up with inflation-fueled prices.

Hungry mobs have been looting stores as shortages and inflation worsen. Many must return repeatedly to pay in installments. A heavy silence fell over the bus after it pulled out of the Rutas de America terminal. She had never left the country, and the enormity of what she was attempting was sinking in.

In the North, South Korean soap operas are far more than just weepy sagas of thwarted love. Card readers frequently crash. But the influx is stoking tensions with some South American workers who view Venezuelans as rivals. The bus plowed on, stopping in Colombia’s western Cauca province on the third day to let the Venezuelans shower and eat.

But she couldn’t stop thinking of how far she had traveled from the home she still loved. In a possible sign of further crackdowns ahead, Brazil and Colombia tightened their borders in February as they grapple with the influx. With the country’s currency virtually worthless and air travel beyond the reach of all but elites, buses have become Venezuela’s caravans of misery, rolling day and night to its borders and returning largely empty to begin the process all over again.

In Colombia, the government says it has treated more than 24,000 Venezuelans for medical emergencies, and authorities in January evicted more than 200 homeless Venezuelans from an athletic field in Cucuta. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

The gauntlet took five hours, in part because the Venezuelan migration office’s computers crashed.

The travelers’ apprehensions grew as Venezuelan soldiers, known for shaking down border crossers, searched their bags repeatedly. The gauntlet took five hours, in part because the Venezuelan migration office’s computers crashed. The travelers’ apprehensions grew as Venezuelan soldiers, known for shaking down border crossers, searched their bags repeatedly.

In the days ahead she would visit four new countries, cross the equator and see the Pacific Ocean for the first time. In Brazil, Venezuelans are already living in shelters just over the border in Boa Vista. Their lives, from professional aspirations to dating habits, are increasingly shaped by a growing market economy and thriving underground trade in smuggled TV shows and music.

In this April 19, 2017, photo, two university students use a pedestrian bridge in Pyongyang, North Korea. They lugged one big suitcase each, as well as blankets, toilet paper, cheap bread and jugs of water. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

CARACAS, March 2 (Reuters) – Just after dawn, dozens of Venezuelans gathered at the dark bus station in Caracas.

To many young Northerners they are windows onto a modern world, nurturing middle-class aspirations while helping change everything from fashion to romance. News broadcasts increasingly feature stories about Venezuelans committing crimes. FILE – In this May 10, 2016, file photo, youths carry torches as they march through Kim Il Sung Square in Pyongyang, North Korea.

When she speaks, a torrent of reverence tumbles out for North Korea’s ruling family, as if phrases had been plucked at random from a government newspaper: “The revolution of the Great Leader” . “Laborers trust and venerate Marshal Kim Jong Un. ” And as hundreds of students dance behind her in a choreographed display of loyalty, she is adamant about one thing: North Korea, she insists, has no generation gap.

Weeping wives, confused children and elderly parents hugged them over and over until it was time to check tickets and weigh bags, then hung back, waiting hours for the bus to leave. When it finally pulled out, the passengers looked down at their loved ones, pounding on the windows and blowing kisses as they speeded out of this crumbling capital city.

“Only by upholding President Kim Il Sung could the people win their struggle” . A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. Most arrived to warm welcomes in their adopted homes, many with their savings intact. In the Ecuadorean capital, Quito, Josmer was so excited to find soap in a bathroom that he insisted on dishing it out to everyone.

” exclaimed 7-year-old Josmer Rivas. cents’ worth of transport costs. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

Rodriguez’s foursome and a few others boarded a midnight bus to continue their journey south to Chile, some carrying tuna and crackers given to them by those who had disembarked.

She is the owner of Rutas de America, a small Caracas-based bus company founded nearly 50 years ago to ferry Peruvians and Ecuadoreans to Venezuela in search of work. Carmen Larrea has a front-row seat to the migration. Again, the buses were mostly filled with Venezuelans – easily recognizable by their bulky bags and jugs of water – although they were now rubbing shoulders with grungy Western backpackers.

Back home, the boy sometimes missed school because his family couldn’t afford a few U. Asked about how her life has changed since her mother’s time, Jang said, “My mother lived under the wise leadership of Generalissimos Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il, and I live in the great era of Marshal Kim Jong Un. FILE – In this April 13, 2017, file photo, student Jang Sol Hyang, 19, poses for a portrait in Pyongyang, North Korea.

FILE – In this April 17, 2017, file photo, a North Korean school boy looks up from his computer screen at the Sci-Tech Complex in Pyongyang, North Korea. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. “There is one difference,” says 19-year-old Jang Sol Hyang. Spooked by Chavez, a first wave of engineers, doctors and other professionals began fleeing for the United States, Canada and Europe in the early 2000s.

“A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. FILE – In this April 17, 2017, file photo, an elderly man is silhouetted against a model of the Unha 3, a space launch rocket, displayed in Pyongyang, North Korea. Many older North Koreans feel that emotional tug.

(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

Venezuelans elected Chavez, the late leftist firebrand, in 1998 with a mandate to fight inequality. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)But skyrocketing prices for spare parts and the plunging bolivar have hammered her profits, Larrea said.

For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world. And while Rutas de America buses leave Caracas jam-packed, they often return empty, further denting business.

(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

Sociologist Tomas Paez, an immigration specialist at the Central University of Venezuela, estimates that almost 3 million people have fled Venezuela over the past two decades. In this Wednesday, April 12, 2017, photo, waitresses wait outside a restaurant in Pyongyang, North Korea.

A charismatic former lieutenant colonel, Chavez transformed the country during his 14-year rule, pouring oil revenue into wildly popular welfare programs. The socialist government does not release emigration statistics, but Maduro says his enemies have exaggerated the extent of the exodus.

In the United States, for example, Venezuelans now lead monthly applications for affirmative asylum. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. Even though entering other parts of Latin America on temporary tourist visas is easy for Venezuelans, some are struggling to secure jobs and work permits.

Those who strike out often get back on the road to try their luck in another country. He believes nearly half of them have left in the last two years alone, in one of the largest mass migrations the continent has ever seen. But he also nationalized large swaths of the economy and implemented strict currency controls, state meddling that economists say is the root of the current crisis.

Some migrants had swollen ankles or painful backs after several days on the road. Others were sick of munching their stashes of white bread and other cheap staples. FILE – In this April 18, 2017, file photo, people walk beneath portraits of late leaders, Kim Il Sung, left, and Kim Jong Il, in Pyongyang, North Korea. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world.

The 29-year-old single mom was traveling with her 12-year-old son, David, her sister Alejandra and a family friend, Adrian Naveda, to what she dreamed would be a quiet life. Passengers glumly texted family members or stared out the window as the packed vehicle rolled by mango trees, shuttered factories and crumbling murals of the late President Hugo Chavez.

(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

Still, the mood on the bus was often heavy, especially among parents who took advantage of stops to call children left behind. David loves his new home. On the streets there are young women in not-quite mini-skirts and teenage boys with baseball hats cocked sideways, K-pop style. By the time dawn rises over Caracas, hungry people are already picking through garbage while kids beg in front of bakeries.

A heavy silence fell over the bus after it pulled out of the Rutas de America terminal. Billboard company owner Chirinos, who disembarked in Ecuador and headed straight to the home of some Venezuelan friends who were putting him up, felt lost without his kids. The group was bound for Concon, Chile, a beach resort where Venezuelan expat friends assured them there was plenty of work. Food is so scarce and pricey that the average Venezuelan lost 24 pounds last year.

He quickly made friends – all Chileans – and has ditched baseball, a major sport in Venezuela, in favor of pick-up soccer at a field near his home. Hospitals lack supplies as basic as disinfectant. He’s a powerfully built man with a gravelly voice who remains conflicted about the North, critical of the dictatorship but also scornful of a younger generation that doesn’t understand the emotional tug of loyalty.

Come dusk, many Venezuelans shut themselves inside their homes to avoid muggings and kidnappings. Photos sent from Rodriguez’s cell phone show the boy grinning astride his black mountain bike in one shot, tucking into a hamburger at McDonald’s in another. “When I was younger I believed all of this,” says a former North Korean policeman in his mid-40s, who now lives in Seoul and who spoke on condition his name not be used, fearing retribution against relatives still in the North.

A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

In this April 9, 2017, photo, university student Ryu Hye Gyong, 19, fixes her hair at a mass dance event in Pyongyang, North Korea.

(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

Pesos in hand, the migrants boarded a new Rutas de America bus waiting for them in Cucuta. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

The vehicle climbed upward into the foggy Colombian mountains. Out the window, farmers in traditional Andean ponchos tended their herds. Now, financially ravaged Venezuelans with fewer skills are pouring across South America in a frantic search for work in restaurants, stores, call centers and construction sites.

In a country with the world’s largest proven crude reserves, some families now cook with firewood because they cannot find propane. Some travel only as far as their savings will stretch: A one-way bus ticket to neighboring Colombia from Caracas costs the U.

The plunging currency and rocketing inflation make financing the voyage more expensive with each passing day. “FILE – In this April 15, 2017, file photo, flag bearers march during a military parade in Pyongyang, North Korea. Police grilled the Venezuelans sharply. So his voice is dismissive when he adds: “But the younger people, many of them never believed. He was excited about the trip at first, thinking it was a sort of vacation.

equivalent of around $15; the fare for a trip to Chile or Argentina can run as high as $350, a small fortune for many. But potential trouble loomed at the crossing into Chile, one of Latin America’s most stable and prosperous nations.

For Rodriguez, the single mom, warm food at the rest stops was a luxury she splurged on only for her son, David. 11, 2015, file photo, singers from the Moranbong band perform in Pyongyang, North Korea. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

Even though entering other parts of Latin America on temporary tourist visas is easy for Venezuelans, some are struggling to secure jobs and work permits.

A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. Those who strike out often get back on the road to try their luck in another country. In the United States, for example, Venezuelans now lead monthly applications for affirmative asylum. He wondered why they hadn’t taken a plane.

A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. The voyage across Peru was uneventful, punctuated by views of the Pacific Ocean and Hollywood action films on video screens hanging from the bus ceiling. Major markets are off-limits to most outsiders, but refugee descriptions and satellite imagery show more than 400 across the country, warehouse-size buildings filled with traders selling everything from moonshine to Chinese car parts.

For months he had been going to bed hungry so that his 5-year-old brother could have something for dinner. (AP Photo/File)

On board the bus, web developer Tony Alonzo had sold his childhood guitar to help pay for his ticket to Chile. 28, 2011, file photo, North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, fourth from left, salutes beside the hearse carrying the body of his late father, North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, during his funeral procession in Pyongyang, North Korea.

There’s also propaganda now clearly aimed at young people, like the all-woman Moranbong Band, which performs pop-political anthems in tight skirts and high heels. But as the voyage dragged on, he became tired and threw up one night on a winding mountain road in Colombia. Natacha Rodriguez, a machine operator, had been robbed at gunpoint three times in the past year. Roger Chirinos was leaving his wife and two young children behind to search for work in Ecuador.

His outdoor advertising company had come to a bitter end: Protesters tore down his billboards to use as barricades during violent rallies against authoritarian President Nicolas Maduro. Kim, who wasn’t even 30 years old when he came to power after his father’s 2011 death, now faces the challenge of his own generation, with a little over one-third of North Koreans believed to be under the age of 25.

Maduro has just announced he is running for re-election in May. The streets of Cucuta were already full of poor Venezuelans, some sleeping in parks and washing their clothes in creeks because they had no money to travel farther. Hungry mobs have been looting stores as shortages and inflation worsen.

Rodriguez herself, meanwhile, gets frequent news about Venezuela from her mother and siblings. Once over the border in the buzzing Colombian town of Cucuta, Jehovah’s Witnesses, vendors and hustlers of all stripes descended on the overwhelmed migrants. She was headed for Chile, too, hoping to give her baseball-loving son a better life.

In the days ahead she would visit four new countries, cross the equator and see the Pacific Ocean for the first time. Larrea’s terminal sees dozens queue up daily to purchase tickets. Many must return repeatedly to pay in installments. News broadcasts increasingly feature stories about Venezuelans committing crimes. But she couldn’t stop thinking of how far she had traveled from the home she still loved.

Daily withdrawal limits on debit cards no longer keep up with inflation-fueled prices. In Colombia, the government says it has treated more than 24,000 Venezuelans for medical emergencies, and authorities in January evicted more than 200 homeless Venezuelans from an athletic field in Cucuta. But the influx is stoking tensions with some South American workers who view Venezuelans as rivals. She had never left the country, and the enormity of what she was attempting was sinking in.

In a possible sign of further crackdowns ahead, Brazil and Colombia tightened their borders in February as they grapple with the influx. North Korea’s economy was larger than the South’s well into the 1970s. With the opposition’s two main leaders barred from holding office, the unpopular president looks likely to clinch a six-year term. In Brazil, Venezuelans are already living in shelters just over the border in Boa Vista.

As they crossed into Ecuador, the Venezuelans told border agents they were tourists; the bored-looking officials stamped their documents and waved them through. It’s a complex divide, where some 20-year-olds remain fierce ideologues and plenty of 50-year-olds have no loyalty to the increasingly worried regime.

Any who are rejected just wait to cross during the next shift, handlers and food sellers there told Reuters. The week before, hundreds of Venezuelans had been stranded there for several days after indigenous Colombian protesters blocked the highway to demand better living conditions from the government.

A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. The bus plowed on, stopping in Colombia’s western Cauca province on the third day to let the Venezuelans shower and eat. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

If North Korea remains very poor, with malnutrition rates similar to those in Zimbabwe and Syria, it is no longer an economic basket case.

Card readers frequently crash. FILE – In this April 15, 2017, file photo, men and women participate in a mass dance in Pyongyang, North Korea. But conversations with more than two dozen North Korean refugees, along with scholars, former government officials and activists, make it clear that young people are increasingly unmoored from the powerful state ideology. PYONGYANG, North Korea (AP) – She dances beneath 10-foot portraits of two smiling dictators, a modern young woman in a central Pyongyang plaza who twirls to music calling on North Koreans to die for their leader.

In part that’s because they remember the days of relative prosperity, when the state provided people with nearly everything: food, apartments, clothing, children’s holiday gifts. “Some slept on the bus, others on the floor.

currency, a precious hedge against inflation. They were in a bad state,” Ramos said. Passenger Chirinos, the ad man, was carrying $200 in U. Chirinos handed over a $20 bill to end the standoff. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world.

A National Guard soldier demanded half of it to let him through with an old Playstation video game console deemed contraband. And consumerism, once derided as a capitalist disease, has rippled through the culture. FILE – In this April 14, 2017, file photo, North Korean schoolchildren perform at the Mangyongdae Children’s Palace beneath an image of founding father Kim Il Sung, in Pyongyang, North Korea.

People from the area brought them food and water. She estimated that up to eight buses full of Venezuelans pull up every day. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. Once over the border in the buzzing Colombian town of Cucuta, Jehovah’s Witnesses, vendors and hustlers of all stripes descended on the overwhelmed migrants.

Crossing the city of Bucaramanga, Naveda, the family friend who was traveling with Rodriguez and her son, learned by text that his great-grandmother had died. The 23-year-old felt an urge to turn back. The streets of Cucuta were already full of poor Venezuelans, some sleeping in parks and washing their clothes in creeks because they had no money to travel farther. “They know that young people are where you get revolutions,” says Hazel Smith, a North Korea scholar at SOAS, University of London and former aid worker in North Korea.

Earlier this year, the regime held the first national gathering in 23 years of the Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth league, a mass organization for all North Koreans ages 14 to 30. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

On his gentler days, Kim has reached out to young people: “I am one of you, and we are the future,” he said in one speech.

“The coup de grace came during anti-government protests last year when the demonstrators outside the capital knocked down his company’s billboards to shield themselves from National Guard soldiers. Their lives, from professional aspirations to dating habits, are increasingly shaped by a growing market economy and thriving underground trade in smuggled TV shows and music.

There’s also propaganda now clearly aimed at young people, like the all-woman Moranbong Band, which performs pop-political anthems in tight skirts and high heels. ” one officer asked Rodriguez. “Do you know Chile is an expensive country? But he knew the rest of his family was depending on him to send money home once he reached Chile and found employment.

“This is the cleavage that the government is worried about. The government does not release remittance figures. The enterprise his parents had founded in the 1970s was all but lost. Today, young women can be seen on the streets of Pyongyang in tight-fitting blouses and short skirts (though no shorter than 5 centimeters (2 inches) above the knee, Han notes, or party workers can demand you change or pay a fine).

There was an increase in youth-oriented mass rallies after Kim’s ascension, and public pledges of youth loyalty. “How much money do you have? Down in Chile, Rodriguez waits tables at a busy seafront restaurant popular with tourists.

Meanwhile, his government is benefiting from migrant remittances that are helping to prop up Venezuela’s economy and keep a lid on unrest in the nation of about 30 million. Are you and your child going to sleep under a bridge? Pesos in hand, the migrants boarded a new Rutas de America bus waiting for them in Cucuta.

She initially slept on the floor in a crowded two-bedroom apartment packed with Venezuelans. But the Inter-American Dialogue think tank estimated that some $2 billion flowed into Venezuela last year from citizens working abroad. Now she sleeps in a room with David because her sister and friend Naveda moved to their own place, freeing up space in the apartment.

The vehicle climbed upward into the foggy Colombian mountains. Couples can occasionally be spotted holding hands in the parks along the Taedong River. equivalent of around $15; the fare for a trip to Chile or Argentina can run as high as $350, a small fortune for many. Do you know there are Venezuelans sleeping under bridges here?

In this Sunday, April 16, 2017, photo, two young North Korean boys wearing baseball caps walk down a street in Pyongyang, North Korea. Now, financially ravaged Venezuelans with fewer skills are pouring across South America in a frantic search for work in restaurants, stores, call centers and construction sites. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

Some travel only as far as their savings will stretch: A one-way bus ticket to neighboring Colombia from Caracas costs the U. The plunging currency and rocketing inflation make financing the voyage more expensive with each passing day. On the streets there are young women in not-quite mini-skirts and teenage boys with baseball hats cocked sideways, K-pop style.

Out the window, farmers in traditional Andean ponchos tended their herds. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)

Just before 2 a. Several more buses pulled up, unloading more of their countrymen. The shivering Venezuelans, almost none of whom had warm coats, lined up in the dark to get their passports stamped.

For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world. The group was bound for Concon, Chile, a beach resort where Venezuelan expat friends assured them there was plenty of work. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

6, 2017, file photo, a portrait of late leader Kim Il Sung is seen on North Korean banknotes. on the fourth day of the journey, the bus arrived at the frigid Colombian border town of Ipiales, near the Ecuadorean border, 9,508 feet high in the Andes. Maduro has increased security at the border in an attempt to crack down on contraband.

In a culture where arranged marriages were the norm until very recently, young people now date openly and choose their own spouses. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

The 29-year-old single mom was traveling with her 12-year-old son, David, her sister Alejandra and a family friend, Adrian Naveda, to what she dreamed would be a quiet life. The bus riders were forced to disembark and pass through half a dozen checkpoints on foot, struggling to haul their suitcases, backpacks, blankets, food and water jugs under the searing sun.

Fear added to Rodriguez’s hopelessness: Her story of three robberies at gunpoint is a familiar one in a country awash with drugs and gangs. ”

FILE – In this April 14, 2017, file photo, a North Korean student salutes the audience at the start of a performance at the Mangyongdae Children’s Palace in Pyongyang, North Korea.

And with inflation fast outrunning her paycheck, the already petite woman had lost 13 pounds as she cut fruit and soft drinks from her diet so that David would not go hungry. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)To people who came of age after the famine, when it had become clear the regime was neither all-powerful nor all-providing, the propaganda is often just background noise.

But skyrocketing prices for spare parts and the plunging bolivar have hammered her profits, Larrea said. And while Rutas de America buses leave Caracas jam-packed, they often return empty, further denting business. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda. When in the early evening the bus pulled into Guayaquil, the last stop on the Rutas de America line, little Josmer Rivas flew into the arms of his overjoyed father, who had emigrated to Ecuador four months earlier.

She knew she had to act. Natacha Rodriguez, the machine operator, had been running on adrenaline in the mad rush to pack, sell her television and washing machine, and endure long lines to get her documents in order. FILE – In this undated file photo released by the North Korean government on Aug.

Now, on this day in November, she was near exhaustion as she tried to get comfortable in her seat. Trudging to the narrow Simon Bolivar International Bridge that links Venezuela to Colombia, they walked under a big government sign that read: “Here no one speaks ill of Chavez.

Kim, who wasn’t even 30 years old when he came to power after his father’s 2011 death, now faces the challenge of his own generation, with a little over one-third of North Koreans believed to be under the age of 25.

Independent journalists were not given access to cover the event depicted in this image. They cross daily to sell goods like liquor, copper, even their own hair, often making more money in a day in Colombia than in a month back home. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

In her tight jeans and gold-speckled eye shadow, Han revels in Seoul’s frenetic glitz and unembarrassed consumerism. For Rodriguez, the single mom, warm food at the rest stops was a luxury she splurged on only for her son, David. 1, 2012, leader Kim Jong Un, second from left, and his wife Ri Sol Ju watch a performance of the Moranbong Band in North Korea. She loves talking about fashion and the K-pop bands she and her friends secretly listened to back home.

He wondered why they hadn’t taken a plane. He was excited about the trip at first, thinking it was a sort of vacation. It isn’t that they hate the regime, but simply that their focus has turned to earning a living, or buying the latest smuggled TV show. (Korean Central News Agency/Korea News Service via AP, File)

By daybreak, the bus had arrived in the garbage-strewn Venezuelan town of San Antonio del Tachira, near the Colombian border.

Experts believe the private sector, a web of businesses ranging from neighborhood traders to textile factories, accounts for as much as half of the North Korean economy, with most people depending on it financially, at least in part. The teeming frontier is a lifeline for desperate Venezuelans.

His trip had been thwarted twice after he was forced to use savings for medical bills, first for a lung problem and another time to fix an infected molar. But as the voyage dragged on, he became tired and threw up one night on a winding mountain road in Colombia. Chirinos handed over a $20 bill to end the standoff.

A National Guard soldier demanded half of it to let him through with an old Playstation video game console deemed contraband. FILE – In this April 16, 2017, file photo, a young girl in traditional dress walks past an elderly woman at the Central Zoo, in Pyongyang, North Korea. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea.

currency, a precious hedge against inflation. Many older North Koreans feel that emotional tug. 6, 2017, file photo, a couple walks along the Taedong River bank in Pyongyang, North Korea, during sunset. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world.

It was just the latest in a series of setbacks for Alonzo, who had been trying to leave Venezuela for two years. Their lives, from professional aspirations to dating habits, are increasingly shaped by a growing market economy and thriving underground trade in smuggled TV shows and music. They lugged one big suitcase each, as well as blankets, toilet paper, cheap bread and jugs of water.

Weeping wives, confused children and elderly parents hugged them over and over until it was time to check tickets and weigh bags, then hung back, waiting hours for the bus to leave. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

FILE – In this Friday, Jan. Political fervor once genuinely felt is being pushed aside by a fierce belief in money.

When it finally pulled out, the passengers looked down at their loved ones, pounding on the windows and blowing kisses as they speeded out of this crumbling capital city. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

Mounted portraits show the country’s first two rulers: Kim Il Sung, who shaped the North into one of the world’s most repressive states, and his son, Kim Jong Il, who created the personality cults that now dominate public life. Immense rooftop signs spell out praise for grandson Kim Jong Un, the ruling party and the military.

Money now courses through North Korea, shaking a world that earlier generations thought would never change. On the radio, the song “We Will Defend Gen. FILE – In this April 16, 2017, file photo, a family poses in front of portraits of late leaders Kim Il Sung, left, and Kim Jong Il in Pyongyang, North Korea. A generational divide is quietly growing in North Korea, often hidden behind relentless propaganda.

Passenger Chirinos, the ad man, was carrying $200 in U. Stand at nearly any Pyongyang street corner and reminders of the state’s immense power are everywhere. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

CARACAS, March 2 (Reuters) – Just after dawn, dozens of Venezuelans gathered at the dark bus station in Caracas. Kim Jong Un With Our Lives” booms out again and again.

But after he was turned back at the border, Alonzo had little choice but return to his cousin’s apartment in the Peruvian capital, Lima. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world.

(AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

He had hoped his programming skills would be snapped up in Chile, a budding technology hub. “Do you know Chile is an expensive country? Functioning traffic lights. Are you and your child going to sleep under a bridge? On a sunny spring afternoon, by a three-story obelisk celebrating North Korea’s love for its leaders, a math student at the country’s top university talks about how life has changed since her mother was young.

People nonchalantly wearing gold jewelry on the streets. Natacha Rodriguez, the machine operator, had been running on adrenaline in the mad rush to pack, sell her television and washing where to buy cheap hair machine, and endure long lines to get her documents in order. ” one officer asked Rodriguez. Do you know there are Venezuelans sleeping under bridges here? Thriving corn and coffee fields.

Now, on this day in November, she was near exhaustion as she tried to get comfortable in her seat. Even among themselves, young people say politics is almost always avoided, with honest conversations saved only for immediate family and the closest friends.

Trudging to the narrow Simon Bolivar International Bridge that links Venezuela to Colombia, they walked under a big government sign that read: “Here no one speaks ill of Chavez. Maduro has increased security at the border in an attempt to crack down on contraband.

So while the generational divide has grown, there have been no signs of youthful anger: no university protests, no political graffiti, no anonymous leaflets. ”

As the bus kept heading southward, the Venezuelans expressed amazement at the views from their windows: Plump cows.

“Everybody wants money now,” says Han, whose father ran a successful timber business. “How much money do you have? “I grew up like a princess,” she says happily, ticking off the family’s possessions: a TV, two laptop computers, easy access to the latest South Korean K-pop videos. The bus riders were forced to disembark and pass through half a dozen checkpoints on foot, struggling to haul their suitcases, backpacks, blankets, food and water jugs under the searing sun.

But after he was turned back at the border, Alonzo had little choice but return to his cousin’s apartment in the Peruvian capital, Lima. Fully stocked store shelves. In her hometown, where squat houses and small factories line the Yalu River border with China, her family counted as wealthy.

dollar in the last year, meaning $100 worth of local currency a year ago is worth just $2 now. Meanwhile, his government is benefiting from migrant remittances that are helping to prop up Venezuela’s economy and keep a lid on unrest in the nation of about 30 million. The bolivar has lost a mind-boggling 98 percent against the U.

He had hoped his programming skills would be snapped up in Chile, a budding technology hub. His government says it is facing a U. Many blame the country’s precipitous decline on the government of Maduro, who has tightened his grip on power, holding fast to statist policies that have throttled the economy.

The power of the police state weakened amid the hunger, allowing smuggling to flourish across the Chinese border. The government does not release remittance figures. -led conspiracy to sabotage leftism in Latin America by hoarding goods and stoking inflation. The food ration system, which had fed nearly everyone for decades, collapsed. As the bus kept heading southward, the Venezuelans expressed amazement at the views from their windows: Plump cows.

Functioning traffic lights. But the Inter-American Dialogue think tank estimated that some $2 billion flowed into Venezuela last year from citizens working abroad. People nonchalantly wearing gold jewelry on the streets. You can walk out on glass and stand 4000 feet above the bottom of the canyon and immerse yourself in a scenic view like no other. A different West Rim helicopter tour flies over the area and then lands near the fabulous Grand Canyon Skywalk.

The Skywalk is an amazing cantilevered bridge that is made of glass and juts out 70 feet beyond the edge of the rim. Thriving corn and coffee fields. Crossing the city of Bucaramanga, Naveda, the family friend who was traveling with Rodriguez and her son, learned by text that his great-grandmother had died.

The 23-year-old felt an urge to turn back. Kim also has blasted outside movies and music as “poisonous weeds” and in 2015, researchers say, his regime announced that people caught with South Korean videos could face 10 years of imprisonment at hard labor. An economic shift began in the mid-1990s, when the end of Soviet aid and a series of devastating floods caused widespread famine. Anti-aging skin care serum can easily be carried in pocket or purse.

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Other Latin Americans have been largely sympathetic to Venezuelans’ troubles. But he knew the rest of his family was depending on him to send money home once he reached Chile and found employment. But tensions are increasing as their numbers strain the resources of South America’s developing countries, which have their own problems with poverty and crime.

Augusto Pinochet’s right-wing dictatorship in the 1970s. The bus passengers immediately bought Colombian pesos in crowded exchange houses where to buy cheap hair wads of near-worthless Venezuelan bills flew out of money-counting machines. Fully stocked store shelves. His government says it is facing a U. In contrast to refugees fleeing Syria, Myanmar and North Africa who have met with violence and resistance, Venezuelans are moving easily across land borders on tourist visas.

More and more, people are interested in the markets, in buying and selling, in money. Many blame the country’s precipitous decline on the government of Maduro, who has tightened his grip on power, holding fast to statist policies that have throttled the economy. Most arrived to warm welcomes in their adopted homes, many with their savings intact.

“After we get the hair from the dumpsite we usually sort them out and pick the good ones,” Wanjiku says. “In the past, everybody wanted to be a government official, that was the number-one dream,” says Lee. “But more and more, people know that money can solve everything. Like millions of her countrymen, she took to the streets to protest the unpopular Maduro last year, only to despair when he responded by consolidating his authority.

She has been a hairdresser in Korogocho for nearly 10 years. Chileans, for instance, note that Venezuela sheltered thousands of their exiled countrymen during Gen. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world. Rodriguez said she had hoped Venezuela’s youth could bring about change.

“Maybe someone bought it and wasn’t satisfied with it, maybe the color, then they threw it away. -led conspiracy to sabotage leftism in Latin America by hoarding goods and stoking inflation. The rising demand in Africa and elsewhere has countries such as India, China and Brazil competing for the biggest share of the market.

Many older North Koreans feel that emotional tug. In one of Africa’s largest dumps, some residents are making a living by collecting and recycling hair from the mountains of rubbish. Business can be slow – she averages seven customers a week – as she competes with more than 30 other stalls lined with hundreds of hairpieces.

(AP Photo/Adelle Kalakouti)

“Some slept on the bus, others on the floor. People from the area brought them food and water. In this photo taken Thursday, Aug. 24, 2017, a wig of natural hair for sale is on display on a mannequin at a hair salon in downtown Nairobi, Kenya.

” Of the different types of hair extensions, human hair is the most coveted for its softness and versatility. 13, 2017, file photo, two elderly North Korean men crouch on a street in Pyongyang, North Korea. “I didn’t even think about the regime anymore. “After a while, I stopped paying attention,” says Lee Ga Yeon, who grew up amid the mud and poverty of an isolated communal farm and began helping support her family as a teenager during the famine, pedaling her bicycle through nearby villages, selling food door to door.

It still suffuses everything from children’s stories to university literature departments, from TV shows to opera. ”

Still, some distance learning MBA programs include televised courses. For generations, propaganda about the Kim family was all that most North Koreans knew, a mythology of powerful but tender-hearted rulers who protect their people against a hostile world.

The big thrill is waiting at the canyon itself and the site of it will take away your breath. She estimated that up to eight buses full of Venezuelans pull up every day. Helicopter tours that fly out of Vegas pass over Lake Mead, Hoover Dam, an extinct volcano and other sights on their way to Grand Canyon West (the West Rim).

It’s the best of both worlds: from your ‘copter you’ll see the river from high above and then up close and personal after you land. Ageless anti aging serum is a new product designed to fight those tell tale lines and wrinkles and give you back the skin you had years ago, all without harsh chemicals or painful, expensive injections.

Air tours give amateur photographers plenty of opportunities to capture the amazing sights. Televised courses allow students to record lessons and watch them at their convenience. While televised courses are somewhat more convenient than Live Interactive Television, televised courses do not permit students to ask questions in real time.

Some migrants had swollen ankles or painful backs after several days on the road. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E, File)

You can get lucky and find unused human hair,” she says. Still, the mood on the bus was often heavy, especially among parents who took advantage of stops to call children left behind.

Billboard company owner Chirinos, who disembarked in Ecuador and headed straight to the home of some Venezuelan friends who were putting him up, felt lost without his kids. It was declared full in 2001 but has remained active, with 850 to 1,500 tons of waste arriving every day.

A majority of skin care products contain Vitamin C such as rejuvenating or anti wrinkle products. There has been scientific research done to prove that Vitamin C does in fact help decrease wrinkles and fine lines. Kenya last month implemented a ban on plastic bags, a major contributor to the towering piles of trash.

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If you go on the air tour that lands on the bottom of the canyon, you will have the chance to take amazing scenic photos of beautiful nature scenes not found on top of the rim. In one of Africa’s largest dumps, some residents are making a living by collecting and recycling hair from the mountains of rubbish.

Nairobi’s Dandora Municipal Dumpsite stretches as far as the eye can see. Others were sick of munching their stashes of white bread and other cheap staples. (AP Photo/Adelle Kalakouti)

She and the rest of the group eventually were admitted into Chile. Beaming, they hugged quickly before yet another bus journey, to Santiago – nearly 1,300 miles to the south.

Alonzo, the Chile-bound web developer, was not so lucky. 24, 2017, the Dandora municipal dumpsite is seen from the air in Nairobi, Kenya. In one of Africa’s largest dumps, some residents are making a living by collecting and recycling hair from the mountains of rubbish. 24, 2017, hairdresser Mary Wanjiku, 29, weaves the hair of local resident Ruth Njera, 25, at a makeshift hair salon in the Korogocho slum of Nairobi, Kenya.

He had tarried a few days in Peru to spend time with a cousin. Arriving at the same border crossing just a few days after Rodriguez, he was refused entry by Chilean police. In this photo taken Thursday, Aug. 24, 2017, hairdresser Mary Wanjiku, 29, weaves the hair of local resident Ruth Njera, 25, at a makeshift hair salon in the Korogocho slum of Nairobi, Kenya.

He believes nearly half of them have left in the last two years alone, in one of the largest mass migrations the continent has ever seen. (AP Photo)

Sociologist Tomas Paez, an immigration specialist at the Central University of Venezuela, estimates that almost 3 million people have fled Venezuela over the past two decades. The socialist government does not release emigration statistics, but Maduro says his enemies have exaggerated the extent of the exodus.

When Vitamin C is properly applied to the skin it can create wonderful results with fewer wrinkles and better skin textur

In this photo taken Thursday, Aug. I do have slightly music background, so I realize the basic idea of music, beats and chord structure, but even if you might have no music background at all I think it is probable to make beats for rap and hip hop with no trouble at all.

For nearly 5,000 miles, they rolled through some of South America’s most spectacular landscapes, including the vertiginous Andean mountain range and the world’s driest desert in Chile. (AP Photo/Adelle Kalakouti)

Winnie Wanjira, 31, has spent her whole life at the dump, one of an estimated 6,000 people making their living by scavenging in the rubbish.

In this photo taken Thursday, Aug. Some people raise pigs on the organic waste, while others find items to sell. In one of Africa’s largest dumps, some residents are making a living by collecting and recycling hair from the mountains of rubbish. They were in a bad state,” Ramos said. Not getting a rap or hip hop artist myself, I wondered if it were feasible to make

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